If you have a fourmi colonie in your house or in your garden, it is important to know how to identify it. To do so, you must be able to recognize its nid and its reine.
A fourmi nid (le reine) is a reproductive unit of a colony composed of a male and a female. It can be a single nid or several nids (the latter are called “fecondee”).
Identifying a fourmi
When you want to know how to identify a fourmi, it is important to remember that they are not all alike. Each species has its own characteristic and can vary greatly in size, shape, and color.
Fortunately, if you take the time to observe them closely, you can usually figure out which one you’re dealing with. Observe the three main parts of the body: the thorax, the abdomen and the nid.
La reine :
The reine is the largest insect in the fourmi family. She possesses a thorax elongate and volumineux, as well as a long abdomen.
Depending on her gender, she can also have a wing or no wing at all. She may be a solitary or colonial species. The reine can be found in many different habitats, including tropical forests. She can be quite aggressive, defending her territory against other fourmis and destroying the food source of others.
Identifying a nid
When you’re identifying a nid, there are a few key things to remember.
First, a nid’s size is generally the most important thing to look for. A nid’s size can be anywhere from two to three times its own body weight.
Another important factor to consider is its shape and appearance. A nid’s shape can be oval or round and may vary from species to species.
Finally, the color of a nid’s skin can also be helpful in identifying it. A nid’s skin is typically brighter than its body, which makes it easier to see in the dark.
Some nids can also be distinguished by their shape, including fourmis soldats (which are much smaller than other nids), and fourmis monogynes and polygynes (which are both reines that form part of a super colony). These differences are usually fairly easy to identify.
Identifying a reine
Identifying a reine can be difficult. If you’ve never seen a reine before, you may be confused by the size and shape of its thorax and its appearance.
First, you’ll want to check for a long antennae (not the one used by termites) that extends from the head to the tail. You’ll also want to examine its thorax and its abdomen, which can be a sign of its species.
A reine’s thorax is usually larger than that of its ouvrieres. It is also more stout and heavy.
When you observe a fourmi’s thorax, try to see whether it has any curved edges. If there are any, you’ll know it’s a reine.
Another clue that a fourmi is a reine is the presence of 4 ailes. These are more powerful than the ailes of a nid or a fecondee. They are also longer than the ailes of a male.